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Viperinae (Echte Vipern)

Die Unterfamilie Unterfamilie Viperinae (Echte Vipern) [OPPEL, 1811]

Gattung Atheris (Buschvipern) [COPE, 1862]

  • Atheris acuminata [BROADLEY, 1998]
  • Atheris anisolepis [MOCQUARD, 1887]
  • Atheris barbouri (Uzungwe-Viper) [LOVERIDGE, 1930]
  • Atheris broadleyi [LAWSON, 1999]
  • Atheris ceratophora (Usambara-Buschviper) [WERNER, 1895]
  • Atheris chlorechis (Westliche Buschviper) [PEL, 1851]
  • Atheris desaixi (Mount-Kenya-Buschviper) [ASHE, 1968]
  • Atheris hirsuta [ERNST & RÖDEL, 2002]
  • Atheris hispida (Rauschuppen-Buschviper) [LAURENT, 1955]
  • Atheris katangensis (Shaba-Buschviper) [DE WITTE, 1953]
  • Atheris mabuensis [BRANCH & BAYLISS, 2009]
  • Atheris matildaes [MENEGON, DAVENPORT & HOWELL, 2011]
  • Atheris nitschei (Schwarzgrüne Buschviper) [TORNIER, 1902]
  • Atheris rungweensis [BOGERT, 1940]
  • Atheris squamigera (Rankschuppige Buschviper) [HALLOWELL, 1854]
  • Atheris subocularis (Tiefland-Buschviper) [FISCHER, 1888]

Gattung Bitis (Puffottern) [GRAY, 1842]

  • Bitis albanica [HEWITT, 1937]
  • Bitis arietans (Gemeine Puffotter) [MERREM, 1820] bilder
    • Bitis arietans arietans [MERREM, 1820]
    • Bitis arietans somalica [PARKER, 1949]
  • Bitis armata [SMITH, 1826]
  • Bitis atropos (Bergotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Bitis atropos atropos [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Bitis atropos unicolor
  • Bitis caudalis (Gehörnte Puffotter) [SMITH, 1849]
  • Bitis cornuta (Büschelbrauenotter) [DAUDIN, 1803]
  • Bitis gabonica (Gabunviper) [DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854] bilder
  • Bitis harenna [GOWER, WADE, SPAWLS, BÖHME, BUECHLEY, SYKES & COLSTON, 2016]
  • Bitis heraldica (Angola-Puffotter) [BOCAGE, 1889]
  • Bitis inornata (Hochland-Puffotter) [SMITH, 1838]
  • Bitis nasicornis (Nashornviper) [SHAW, 1802] bilder
  • Bitis parviocula (Äthiopische Puffotter) [BÖHME, 1976]
  • Bitis peringueyi (Zwergpuffotter, Namibviper) [BOULENGER, 1888]
  • Bitis rhinoceros [SCHLEGEL, 1855] bilder
  • Bitis rubida [BRANCH, 1997]
  • Bitis schneideri (Schneiders Zwergpuffotter) [MERTENS, 1954]
  • Bitis worthingtoni (Kenya-Puffotter) [PARKER, 1932]
  • Bitis xeropaga (Wüsten-Puffotter) [HAACKE, 1975]

Gattung Causus (Krötenvipern) [WAGLER, 1830]

  • Causus bilineatus (Zweistreifen-Krötenviper) [BOULENGER, 1905]
  • Causus defilippii (Defilippis Nachtotter) [JAN, 1862]
  • Causus lichtensteinii (Lichtensteins Nachtotter) [JAN, 1859]
  • Causus maculatus (Westafrikanische Krötenviper) [HALLOWELL, 1842]
  • Causus rasmusseni [BROADLEY, 2014]
  • Causus resimus (Grüne Nachtotter) [PETERS, 1862]
  • Causus rhombeatus (Gemeine Krötenviper, Krötenotter) [LICHTENSTEIN, 1823]

Gattung Cerastes (Afrikanische Hornvipern) [LAURENTI, 1768]

  • Cerastes boehmei [WAGNER & WILMS, 2010]
  • Cerastes cerastes (Hornviper) [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
    • Cerastes cerastes cerastes [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Cerastes cerastes hoofieni [WERNER & SIVAN, 1999]
  • Cerastes gasperettii (Arabische Hornviper) [LEVITON & ANDERSON, 1967]
    • Cerastes gasperetti mendelssohni [WERNER & SIVAN, 1999]
    • Cerastes gasperettii gasperettii [LEVITON & ANDERSON, 1967]
  • Cerastes vipera (Avicennaviper) [LINNAEUS, 1758]

Gattung Daboia (Orientalische Ottern) [GRAY, 1842]

  • Daboia deserti (Saharaotter) [ANDERSON, 1892]
  • Daboia mauritanica (Atlasotter) [DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1848]
  • Daboia palaestinae (Kettenviper) [WERNER, 1938]
  • Daboia russelii (Palästinaviper) [SHAW & NODDER, 1797]
  • Daboia siamensis (Östliche Kettenviper) [SMITH, 1917]

Gattung Echis (Sandrasselottern) [MERREM, 1820]

  • Echis borkini [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis carinatus (Sandrasselotter) [SCHNEIDER, 1801]
    • Echis carinatus carinatus [SCHNEIDER, 1801]
    • Echis carinatus sochureki [STEMMLER, 1969]
  • Echis coloratus (Arabische Sandrasselotter) [GÜNTHER, 1878]
    • Echis coloratus coloratus [GÜNTHER, 1878]
    • Echis coloratus terraesanctae [BABOCSAY 2003]
  • Echis hughesi (Hughes Sandrasselotter) [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis jogeri [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis khosatskii [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis leucogaster (Weißbauch-Sandrasselotter) [ROMAN, 1972]
  • Echis megalocephalus (Großkopf-Sandrasselotter) [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis ocellatus (Westafrikanische Augenfleck-Sandrasselotter) [STEMMLER, 1970] bilder
  • Echis omanensis (Oman-Sandrasselotter) [BABOCSAY, 2004]
  • Echis pyramidum (Ägyptische Sandrasselotter) [GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE, 1827]
    • Echis pyramidum leakeyi [STEMMLER & SOCHUREK, 1969]
    • Echis pyramidum lucidus [CHERLIN, 1990]
    • Echis pyramidum pyramidum [GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE, 1827]

Gattung Eristicophis (MacMahon-Vipern) [ALCOCK & FINN, 1897]

  • Eristicophis macmahoni (McMahon-Viper) [ALCOCK & FINN, 1897]

Gattung Macrovipera (Großvipern) [REUSS, 1927]

  • Macrovipera lebetina (Levanteotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Macrovipera lebetina cernovi [CHIKIN & SZCZERBAK, 1992]
    • Macrovipera lebetina lebetina [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Macrovipera lebetina obtusa [DWIGUBSKY, 1832]
    • Macrovipera lebetina peilei [MURRAY, 1892]
    • Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 1988]
    • Macrovipera lebetina turanica [CERNOV, 1940]
  • Macrovipera schweizeri (Milosviper) [WERNER, 1935]

Gattung Montatheris [BROADLEY, 1996]

  • Montatheris hindii (Ostafrikanische Bergotter) [BOULENGER, 1910]

Gattung Montivipera (Bergottern) [NILSON, TUNIYEV, ANDRÉN, ORLOV, JOGER & HERRMANN, 1999]

  • Montivipera albizona [NILSON, ANDREN & FLÄRDH, 1990]
  • Montivipera bornmuelleri (Libanesische Bergotter) [WERNER, 1898]
  • Montivipera bulgardaghica [NILSON & ANDREN, 1985]
  • Montivipera kuhrangica [RAJABIZADEH, NILSON & KAMI, 2011]
  • Montivipera latifii (Elburs Bergotter) [MERTENS, DAREWSKY & KLEMMER, 1967]
  • Montivipera raddei (Armenische Bergotter, Raddes Otter) [BOETTGER, 1890]
    • Montivipera raddei kurdistanica [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 1986]
    • Montivipera raddei raddei [BOETTGER, 1890]
  • Montivipera wagneri (Wagners Bergotter) [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 1984]
  • Montivipera xanthina (Kleinasiatische oder Türkische Bergotter) [GRAY, 1849] bilder

Gattung Proatheris (Afrikanische Sumpfvipern) [BROADLEY, 1996]

  • Proatheris superciliaris [PETERS, 1855] (Afrikanische Sumpfviper)

Gattung Pseudocerastes (Persische Trughornvipern) [BOULENGER, 1896]

  • Pseudocerastes fieldi [SCHMIDT, 1930] bilder
  • Pseudocerastes persicus (Persische Trughornviper) [DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854]
  • Pseudocerastes urarachnoides [BOSTANCHI, ANDERSON, KAMI & PAPENFUSS, 2006]

Gattung Vipera (Echte Ottern) [LAURENTI, 1768]

  • Vipera altaica [TUNIYEV, NILSON & ANDRÉN, 2010]
  • Vipera ammodytes (Europäische Hornotter, Europäische Sandotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Vipera ammodytes ammodytes [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
    • Vipera ammodytes meridionalis [BOULENGER, 1903] bilder
    • Vipera ammodytes montandoni [BOULENGER, 1904]
  • Vipera anatolica [EISELT & BARAN, 1970]
  • Vipera aspis (Aspisviper) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Vipera aspis aspis [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Vipera aspis atra [MEISNER, 1820]
    • Vipera aspis francisciredi [LAURENTI, 1768]
    • Vipera aspis hugyi [SCHINZ, 1833]
    • Vipera aspis zinnikeri [KRAMER, 1958]
  • Vipera barani (Barans Otter) [BÖHME & JOGER, 1983]
  • Vipera berus (Kreuzotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
    • Vipera berus berus [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Vipera berus bosniensis [BOETTGER, 1889]
    • Vipera berus nikolskii (Waldsteppen-Otter) [VEDMEDERYA, GRUBANT & RUDAJEWA, 1986]
    • Vipera berus sachalinensis [ZAREVSKY, 1917]
  • Vipera darevskii (Darevski-Kreuzotter, Darevsky's Kaukasusotter) [VEDMEDERJA, ORLOV & TUNIYEV, 1986]
  • Vipera dinniki (Westkaukasische-Kreuzotter, Dinnikis Kaukasusotter) [NIKOLSKY, 1913]
  • Vipera eriwanensis [REUSS, 1933]
  • Vipera kaznakovi (Kaukasusotter) [NIKOLSKY, 1909]
  • Vipera latastei (Stülpnasenotter) [BOSCA, 1878]
    • Vipera latastei gaditana [SAINT GIRONS, 1977]
    • Vipera latastei latastei [BOSCA, 1878]
  • Vipera lotievi (Lotievs Viper) [NILSON, TUNIYEV, ORLOV, HOGGREN, ANDREN, 1995]
  • Vipera magnifica [TUNIYEV & OSTROVSKIKH, 2001]
  • Vipera monticola [SAINT GIRONS, 1953]
  • Vipera olguni [TUNIYEV, AVCI, TUNIYEV, AGASIAN & AGASIAN, 2012]
  • Vipera orlovi [TUNIYEV & OSTROVSKIKH, 2001]
  • Vipera pontica (Pontische Viper) [BILLING, NILSON & SATTLER, 1990]
  • Vipera renardi (Steppenotter) [CHRISTOPH, 1861]
    • Vipera renardi bashkirovi [GARANIN, PAVLOV & BAKIEV IN BAKIEV & AL. 2004]
    • Vipera renardi parursinii [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 2001]
    • Vipera renardi puzanovi [KUKUSKIN, 2009]
    • Vipera renardi renardi [CHRISTOPH, 1861]
    • Vipera renardi tienshanica [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 2001]
  • Vipera seoanei (Nordiberische Kreuzotter) [LATASTE, 1879]
    • Vipera seoanei cantabrica [BRAÑA & BAS, 1983]
    • Vipera seoanei seoanei [LATASTE, 1879]
  • Vipera transcaucasiana [BOULENGER, 1913]
  • Vipera ursinii (Wiesenotter) [BONAPARTE, 1835]
    • Vipera ursinii graeca [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 1988]
    • Vipera ursinii macrops [MÉHELY, 1911]
    • Vipera ursinii moldavica [NILSON, ANDRÉN & JOGER, 1993]
    • Vipera ursinii rakosiensis (Ungarische Wiesenotter) [MÉHELY, 1893]bilder
    • Vipera ursinii ursinii [BONAPARTE, 1835]



Stand: 2015-01-18