Viperidae

Die Familie Viperidae (Vipern) [OPPEL, 1811]

Die Unterfamilie Azemiopinae (Fea-Vipern)

[LIEM, MARX & RABB, 1971]

Gattung Azemiops (Fea-Vipern)

[BOULENGER, 1888]

  • Azemiops feae (Fea-Viper) [BOULENGER, 1888]
  • Azemiops kharini (Weisskopf-Fea-Viper) [ORLOV, RYABOV & NGUYEN, 2013]



Die Unterfamilie Crotalinae (Grubenottern)

[OPPEL, 1811]

Gattung Agkistrodon (Dreieckskopfottern)

[PALISOT DE BEAUVOIS, 1799]

  • Agkistrodon bilineatus (Mexikanische Mokassinotter) [GÜNTHER, 1863] bilder
  • Agkistrodon conanti [GLOYD, 1969]
  • Agkistrodon contortrix (Nordamerikanischer Kupferkopf) [LINNAEUS, 1766]
    • Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix [LINNAEUS, 1766]
    • Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen [PALISOT DE BEAUVOIS, 1799]
    • Agkistrodon contortrix phaeogaster [GLOYD, 1969]
    • Agkistrodon contortrix pictigaster [GLOYD & CONANT, 1943] bilder
  • Agkistrodon howardgloydi [CONANT, 1984]
  • Agkistrodon laticinctus [GLOYD & CONANT, 1934] bilder
  • Agkistrodon piscivorus (Wasser-Mokassinotter) [LACÉPÈDE, 1789]
    • Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma [TROOST, 1836]
    • Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus [LACÉPÈDE, 1789]
  • Agkistrodon russeolus [GLOYD, 1972]
  • Agkistrodon taylori [BURGER & ROBERTSON, 1951]

Gattung Atropoides (Springlanzenottern)

[WERMAN, 1992]

  • Atropoides indomitus [SMITH & FERRARI-CASTRO, 2008]
  • Atropoides mexicanus [DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854]
  • Atropoides nummifer [RÜPPELL, 1845]
  • Atropoides occiduus [HOGE, 1966]
  • Atropoides olmec [PEREZ-HIGAREDA, SMITH, JULIA-ZERTUCHE, 1985]
  • Atropoides picadoi (Picados Springlanzenotter) [DUNN, 1939]

Gattung Bothriechis (Palmlanzenottern)

[PETERS, 1859]

  • Bothriechis aurifer (Guatemala-Lanzenotter, Gelbgefleckte Lanzenotter) [SALVIN, 1860]
  • Bothriechis bicolor (Zweifarbige Lanzenotter) [BOCOURT, 1868]
  • Bothriechis guifarroi [TOWNSEND, MEDINA-FLORES, WILSON, JADIN & AUSTIN, 2013]
  • Bothriechis lateralis (Grüngelbe Palmenlanzenotter) [PETERS, 1862] bilder
  • Bothriechis marchi (Marchs Palmlanzenotter) [BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE, 1929]
  • Bothriechis nigroviridis (Schwarzgelbe Palmenlanzenotter) [PETERS, 1859]
  • Bothriechis nubestris [DOAN, MASON, CASTOE, SASA & PARKINSON, 2016] informationen
  • Bothriechis rowleyi (Rowleys Palmlanzenotter) [BOGERT, 1968]
  • Bothriechis schlegelii (Schlegels Lanzenotter, Greifschwanz-Lanzenotter) [BERTHOLD, 1846] bilder
  • Bothriechis supraciliaris [TAYLOR, 1954]
  • Bothriechis thalassinus (Meerblaue Palmenlanzenotter) [CAMPBELL & SMITH, 2000]

Gattung Bothrocophias

[GUTBERLET & CAMPBELL, 2001]

  • Bothrocophias andianus [AMARAL, 1923]
  • Bothrocophias campbelli [FREIRE-LASCANO, 1991]
  • Bothrocophias colombianus [RENDAHL & VESTERGREN, 1940]
  • Bothrocophias hyoprora [AMARAL, 1935]
  • Bothrocophias microphthalmus [COPE, 1876]
  • Bothrocophias myersi [GUTBERLET & CAMPBELL, 2001]

Gattung Bothrops (Amerikanische Lanzenottern)

[WAGLER, 1824]

  • Bothrops asper (Rauhschuppige Lanzenotter) [GARMAN, 1883]
  • Bothrops alcatraz [MARQUES, 2002]
  • Bothrops alternatus (Urutu) [DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1854]
  • Bothrops ammodytoides (Patagonien-Lanzenotter) [LEYBOLD, 1873]
  • Bothrops atrox (Caicaca, Gewöhnliche Lanzenotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
  • Bothrops ayerbei [FOLLECO-FERNANDEZ, 2010]
  • Bothrops barnetti [PARKER, 1938]
  • Bothrops bilineata (Grüne Jararaca) [WIED, 1825]
    • Bothrops bilineata bilineata [WIED, 1825]
    • Bothrops bilineata smaragdina [HOGE, 1966]
  • Bothrops brazili [AMARAL, 1923]
  • Bothrops caribbaeus [GARMAN, 1887]
  • Bothrops chloromelas [BOULENGER, 1912]
  • Bothrops colombiensis [HALLOWELL, 1845]
  • Bothrops cotiara [GOMES, 1913]
  • Bothrops diporus [COPE, 1862]
  • Bothrops erythromelas [AMARAL, 1923]
  • Bothrops fonsecai [HOGE & BELLUOMINI, 1959]
  • Bothrops insularis (Insel-Lanzenotter) [AMARAL, 1921]
  • Bothrops isabelae [SANDNER MONTILLA, 1979]
  • Bothrops itapetiningae [BOULENGER, 1907]
  • Bothrops jararaca (Jararaca-Lanzenotter) [WIED, 1824]
  • Bothrops jararacussu [LACERDA, 1884]
  • Bothrops jonathani [HARVEY, 1994]
  • Bothrops lanceolatus [LACÉPÈDE, 1789]
  • Bothrops leucurus [WAGLER, 1824]
  • Bothrops lojanus [PARKER, 1930]
  • Bothrops lutzi [MIRANDA-RIBEIRO, 1915]
  • Bothrops marajoensis [HOGE, 1966]
  • Bothrops marmoratus [DA SILVA & RODRIGUES 2008]
  • Bothrops matogrossensis [AMARAL, 1925]
  • Bothrops medusa [STERNFELD, 1920]
  • Bothrops moojeni [HOGE, 1966]
  • Bothrops muriciensis [FERRAREZZI, 2001]
  • Bothrops neuwiedi (Lanzenotter) [WAGLER, 1824]
  • Bothrops oligolepis [WERNER, 1901]
  • Bothrops osbornei [FREIRE-LASCANO, 1991]
  • Bothrops otavioi [BARBO, GARZZIOTIN, SAZIMA, MARTINS & SAWAYA, 2012]
  • Bothrops pauloensis [AMARAL, 1925]
  • Bothrops pictus [TSCHUDI, 1845]
  • Bothrops pirajai [AMARAL, 1923]
  • Bothrops pubescens [COPE, 1870]
  • Bothrops pulchra [SHREVE, 1934]
  • Bothrops punctatus [SMITH, 1958]
  • Bothrops rhombeatus [GARCIA, 1896]
  • Bothrops sanctaecrucis [HOGE, 1966]
  • Bothrops sazimai [BARBO, GASPARINI, ALMEIDA, ZAHER, GRAZZIOTIN, GUSMÃO, FERRARINI & SAWAYA, 2016]
  • Bothrops taeniata [WAGLER, 1824]
    • Bothrops taeniata lichenosa [ROZE, 1958]
    • Bothrops taeniata taeniata [WAGLER, 1824]
  • Bothrops venezuelensis [SANDNER-MONTILLA, 1952]

Gattung Calloselasma (Mokassin-Grubenottern)

[COPE, 1860]

  • Calloselasma rhodostoma (Malaiische Mokassin-Grubenotter) [BOIE, 1827] bilder
    • Calloselasma rhodostoma annamensis [ANGEL, 1933]
    • Calloselasma rhodostoma rhodostoma [BOIE, 1827]

Gattung Cerrophidion (Berggrubenottern)

[CAMPBELL & LAMAR, 1992]

  • Cerrophidion godmani (Godman-Berggrubenotter) [GÜNTHER, 1863] bilder
  • Cerrophidion petlalcalensis [LOPÉZ-LUNA, ANTONIO, VOGT & TORRE-LORANCA, 1999]
  • Cerrophidion sasai (Costa Rica Berggrubenotter) [JADIN, TOWNSEND, CASTOE & CAMPBELL, 2012]
  • Cerrophidion tzotzilorum [CAMPBELL, 1985]
  • Cerrophidion wilsoni [JADIN, TOWNSEND, CASTOE & CAMPBELL, 2012]

Gattung Crotalus (Klapperschlangen)

[LINNAEUS, 1758]

  • Crotalus adamanteus (Diamant-Klapperschlange) [PALISOT DE BEAUVOIS, 1799] bilder
  • Crotalus angelensis [KLAUBER, 1963]
  • Crotalus aquilus [KLAUBER, 1952]
  • Crotalus armstrongi [CAMPBELL, 1978]
  • Crotalus atrox (Texas-Klapperschlange, Westliche Diamantklapperschlange) [BAIRD & GIRARD, 1853] bilder
  • Crotalus basiliscus (Basilisken-Klapperschlange) [COPE, 1864] bilder
  • Crotalus campbelli [BRYSON JR, LINKEM, DORCAS, LATHROP, JONES, ALVARADO-DÍAZ,, GRÜNWALD & MURPHY, 2014]
  • Crotalus catalinensis (Santa-Catalina-Klapperschlange) [CLIFF, 1954]
  • Crotalus cerastes (Seitenwinder, Gehörnte Klapperschlange) [HALLOWELL, 1854]
    • Crotalus cerastes cerastes [HALLOWELL, 1854]
    • Crotalus cerastes cercobombus [SAVAGE & CLIFF, 1953]
    • Crotalus cerastes laterorepens [KLAUBER, 1944]
  • Crotalus cerberus [COUES, 1875]
  • Crotalus culminatus [KLAUBER, 1952]
  • Crotalus durissus (Cascabel oder Schauer-Klapperschlange) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Crotalus durissus cumanensis [HUMBOLDT, 1811]
    • Crotalus durissus durissus [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
    • Crotalus durissus marajoensis [HOGE, 1966]
    • Crotalus durissus ruruima [HOGE, 1965]
    • Crotalus durissus terrificus [LAURENTI, 1768]
    • Crotalus durissus trigonicus [HARRIS & SIMMONS, 1978]
    • Crotalus durissus unicolor [VAN LIDTH DE JEUDE, 1887]
  • Crotalus enyo (Baja-Klapperschlange) [COPE, 1861]
    • Crotalus enyo cerralvensis [CLIFF, 1954]
    • Crotalus enyo enyo [COPE, 1861]
    • Crotalus enyo furvus [LOWE & NORRIS, 1954]
  • Crotalus ericsmithi [CAMPBELL & FLORES-VILLELA, 2008]
  • Crotalus horridus [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
  • Crotalus intermedius [TROSCHEL, 1865]
    • Crotalus intermedius gloydi [TAYLOR, 1941]
    • Crotalus intermedius intermedius [TROSCHEL, 1865]
    • Crotalus intermedius omiltemanus [GÜNTHER, 1895]
  • Crotalus lannomi [TANNER, 1966]
  • Crotalus lepidus (Felsen-Klapperschlange, Gebirgsklapperschlange) [KENNICOTT, 1861]
    • Crotalus lepidus klauberi [GLOYD, 1936]
    • Crotalus lepidus lepidus [KENNICOTT, 1861] bilder
    • Crotalus lepidus maculosus [TANNER, DIXON & HARRIS, 1972]
  • Crotalus mitchellii [COPE, 1861]
  • Crotalus molossus (Schwarzschwanz-Klapperschlange) [BAIRD & GIRARD, 1853] bilder
    • Crotalus molossus estebanensis [KLAUBER, 1949]
    • Crotalus molossus molossus [BAIRD & GIRARD, 1853]
    • Crotalus molossus nigrescens [GLOYD, 1936]
    • Crotalus molossus oaxacus [GLOYD, 1948]
  • Crotalus morulus [KLAUBER, 1952]
  • Crotalus oreganus (Oregon-Klapperschlange) [HOLBROOK, 1840]
    • Crotalus oreganus abyssus [KLAUBER, 1930]
    • Crotalus oreganus caliginis [KLAUBER, 1949]
    • Crotalus oreganus concolor [WOODBURY, 1929]
    • Crotalus oreganus helleri [MEEK, 1905]
    • Crotalus oreganus lutosus [KLAUBER, 1930]
    • Crotalus oreganus oreganus [HOLBROOK, 1840]
  • Crotalus ornatus [HALLOWELL, 1854]
  • Crotalus polystictus (Mexikanische Lanzenkopf-Klapperschlange) [COPE, 1865]
  • Crotalus pricei (Prices Klapperschlange) [VAN DENBURGH, 1895]
    • Crotalus pricei miquihuanus [GLOYD, 1940]
    • Crotalus pricei pricei [VAN DENBURGH, 1895]
  • Crotalus pusillus [KLAUBER, 1952]
  • Crotalus pyrrhus (Gefleckte Klapperschlange) [COPE, 1866]
  • Crotalus ravus [COPE, 1865]
    • Crotalus ravus brunneus [HARRIS & SIMMONS, 1978]
    • Crotalus ravus exiguus [CAMPBELL & ARMSTRONG, 1979]
    • Crotalus ravus ravus [COPE, 1865]
  • Crotalus ruber (Rote Diamant-Klapperschlange) [COPE, 1892] bilder
    • Crotalus ruber exsul [GARMAN, 1884]
    • Crotalus ruber lorenzoensis [RADCLIFF & MASLIN, 1975]
    • Crotalus ruber lucasensis [VAN DENBURGH, 1920]
    • Crotalus ruber ruber [COPE, 1892]
  • Crotalus scutulatus (Mojave-Klapperschlange) [KENNICOTT, 1861]
    • Crotalus scutulatus salvini [GÜNTHER, 1895]
    • Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus [KENNICOTT, 1861]
  • Crotalus simus [LATREILLE, 1801]
  • Crotalus stejnegeri (Langschwanz-Klapperschlange () [DUNN, 1919]
  • Crotalus stephensi [KLAUBER, 1930]
  • Crotalus tancitarensis [ALVARADO-DÍAZ & CAMPBELL, 2004]
  • Crotalus tigris (Tiger-Klapperschlange) [KENNICOTT, 1859]
  • Crotalus tlaloci [BRYSON, LINKEM, DORCAS, LATHROP, JONES, ALVARADO-DÍAZ,, GRÜNWALD & MURPHY, 2014]
  • Crotalus totonacus [GLOYD & KAUFFELD, 1940]
  • Crotalus transversus (Quergebänderte Berg-Klapperschlange)[TAYLOR, 1944]
  • Crotalus triseriatus (Mexikanische Plateau-Klapperschlange) [WAGLER, 1830]
  • Crotalus tzabcan [KLAUBER, 1952]
  • Crotalus vegrandis (Uracoan Klapperschlange) [KLAUBER, 1941]] bilder
  • Crotalus viridis (Prärie-Klapperschlange) [RAFINESQUE, 1818]
    • Crotalus viridis nuntius (Hopi-Klapperschlange) [KLAUBER, 1935]
    • Crotalus viridis viridis [RAFINESQUE, 1818]
  • Crotalus willardi (Willard-Klapperschlange, Kantenkopf-Klapperschlange) [MEEK, 1905]
    • Crotalus willardi amabilis [ANDERSON, 1962]
    • Crotalus willardi meridionalis [KLAUBER, 1949]
    • Crotalus willardi obscurus [HARRIS, 1974]
    • Crotalus willardi silus [KLAUBER, 1949]
    • Crotalus willardi willardi [MEEK, 1905]

Gattung Deinagkistrodon (Chinesische Nasenottern)

[GLOYD, 1979]

  • Deinagkistrodon acutus (Chinesischer Kupferkopf, Chinesische Nasenotter) [GÜNTHER, 1888]

Gattung Garthius

[MALHOTRA & THORPE, 2004]

  • Garthius chaseni [SMITH, 1931]

Gattung Gloydius (Halysottern)

[HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE, 1981]

  • Gloydius blomhoffi (Mamushi) [BOIE, 1826]
    • Gloydius blomhoffii blomhoffii [BOIE, 1826]
    • Gloydius blomhoffii dubitatus [GLOYD, 1977]
  • Gloydius brevicaudus (Kurzschwanz-Mamushi) [STEJNEGER, 1907]
    • Gloydius brevicaudus brevicaudus [STEJNEGER, 1907]
    • Gloydius brevicaudus siniticus [GLOYD, 1977]
  • Gloydius caraganus [EICHWALD, 1831]
  • Gloydius cognatus [GLOYD, 1977]
  • Gloydius halys (Halys-Otter) [PALLAS, 1776]
    • Gloydius halys affinis [GRAY, 1849?]
    • Gloydius halys boehmei [NILSON, 1983]
    • Gloydius halys caucasicus [NIKOLSKY, 1916]
    • Gloydius halys halys [PALLAS1776]
    • Gloydius halys mogoi [BOUR, 1993]
  • Gloydius himalayanus [GÜNTHER, 1864]
  • Gloydius intermedius [STRAUCH, 1868]
  • Gloydius lijianlii [JIANG & ZHAO, 2009]
  • Gloydius liupanensis [LIU, SONG & LUO, 1989]
  • Gloydius monticola [WERNER, 1922]
  • Gloydius rickmersi [WAGNER, TIUTENKO, BORKIN & SIMONOV, 2015]
  • Gloydius rubromaculatus [SHI, LI & LIU, 2017]
  • Gloydius saxatilis [EMELIANOV, 1937]
    • Gloydius saxatilis changdaoensis [LI, 1999]
    • Gloydius saxatilis saxatilis [EMELIANOV, 1937]
  • Gloydius shedaoensis [ZHAO, 1979]
    • Gloydius shedaoensis qianshanensis [LI, 1999]
    • Gloydius shedaoensis shedaoensis [ZHAO, 1979]
  • Gloydius stejnegeri [RENDAHL, 1933]
  • Gloydius strauchi [BEDRIAGA, 1912]
  • Gloydius tsushimaensis [ISOGAWA, MORIYA & MITSUI, 1994]
  • Gloydius ubsunurensis [KROPACHEV & ORLOV 2017 ]
  • Gloydius ussuriensis [EMELIANOV, 1929]

Gattung Hypnale (Ceylon-Nasenottern)

[FITZINGER, 1843]

  • Hypnale hypnale (Indische Nasenotter) [MERREM, 1820]
  • Hypnale nepa [LAURENTI, 1768]
  • Hypnale zara [GRAY, 1849]

Gattung Lachesis (Buschmeister)

[DAUDIN, 1803]

  • Lachesis achrocorda [GARCIA, 1896]
  • Lachesis melanocephala (Schwarzkopf-Buschmeister) [SOLÓRZANO & CERDAS, 1986]
  • Lachesis muta (Südamerikanischer Buschmeister) [LINNAEUS, 1766]
  • Lachesis stenophrys (Zentralamerikanischer Buschmeister) [COPE, 1876] bilder

Gattung Mixocoatlus

[JADIN, SMITH & CAMPBELL, 2011]

  • Mixocoatlus barbouri [DUNN, 1919]
  • Mixocoatlus browni [SHREEVE, 1938]
  • Mixocoatlus melanurus [MÜLLER, 1923]

Gattung Ophryacus

[COPE, 1887]

  • Ophryacus smaragdinus [GRÜNWALD, JONES, FRANZ-CHÁVEZ & AHUMADA-CARILLO, 2015] informationen
  • Ophryacus sphenophrys [SMITH, 1960]
  • Ophryacus undulatus [JAN, 1859]

Gattung Ovophis (Gebirgs-Grubenottern)

[BURGER, 1981]

  • Ovophis convictus [STOLICZKA, 1870]
  • Ovophis makazayazaya [TAKAHASHI, 1922]
  • Ovophis monticola (Berg-Grubenotter) [GÜNTHER, 1864]
  • Ovophis okinavensis [BOULENGER, 1892]
  • Ovophis tonkinensis [BOURRET, 1934]
  • Ovophis zayuensis (Zayuan Grubenotter) [JIANG, 1977]

Gattung Porthidium (Hakennasen-Lanzenottern)

[COPE, 1871]

  • Porthidium arcosae [SCHÄTTI & KRAMER, 1993]
  • Porthidium dunni [HARTWEG & OLIVER, 1938]
  • Porthidium hespere [CAMPBELL, 1976]
  • Porthidium lansbergii [SCHLEGEL, 1841]
    • Porthidium lansbergii hutmanni [SANDNER-MONTILLA, 1989]
    • Porthidium lansbergii lansbergii [SCHLEGEL, 1841]
    • Porthidium lansbergii rozei [PETERS, 1968]
  • Porthidium nasutum (Nasenlanzenotter, Regenwald-Stülpnasenotter) [BOCOURT, 1868]
  • Porthidium ophryomegas (Westliche Stülpnasenotter) [BOCOURT, 1868]
  • Porthidium porrasi (Weißschwanz-Stülpnasenotter) [LAMAR, 2003]
  • Porthidium volcanicum (Costa-Rica-Stülpnasenotter) [SOLORZANO, 1995]
  • Porthidium yucatanicum (Yukatan-Stülpnasenotter) [SMITH, 1941]

Gattung Protobothrops

[HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE, 1983]

  • Protobothrops cornutus [SMITH, 1930]
  • Protobothrops dabieshanensis [HUANG, PAN, HAN, ZHANG, HOU, YU, ZHENG & ZHANG, 2012]
  • Protobothrops elegans [GRAY, 1849]
  • Protobothrops flavoviridis [HALLOWELL, 1861]
    • Protobothrops flavoviridis flavoviridis [HALLOWELL, 1860]
    • Protobothrops flavoviridis tinkhami [GLOYD, 1955]
  • Protobothrops himalayanus [PAN, CHETTRI, YANG, JIANG, WANG, ZHANG & VOGEL, 2013]
  • Protobothrops jerdonii [GÜNTHER, 1875]
    • Protobothrops jerdonii bourreti [KLEMMER, 1963]
    • Protobothrops jerdonii jerdonii [GÜNTHER, 1875]
    • Protobothrops jerdonii xanthomelas [GÜNTHER, 1889]
  • Protobothrops kaulbacki (Kaulbacks Grubenotter) [SMITH, 1940]
  • Protobothrops mangshanensis [ZHAO, 1990]
  • Protobothrops maolanensis [YANG, ORLOV & WANG, 2011]
  • Protobothrops mucrosquamatus [CANTOR, 1839]
  • Protobothrops sieversorum [ZIEGLER, HERRMANN, DAVID, ORLOV & PAUWELS, 2000]
  • Protobothrops tokarensis [NAGAI, 1928]
  • Protobothrops trungkhanhensis [ORLOV, RYABOV & NGUYEN, 2009]
  • Protobothrops xiangchengensis [ZHAO, JIANG & HUANG, 1979]

Gattung Sistrurus (Zwergklapperschlangen)

[GARMAN, 1883]

  • Sistrurus catenatus (Massasauga, Ketten-Klapperschlange) [RAFINESQUE, 1818]
  • Sistrurus miliarius (Zwergklapperschlange) [LINNAEUS, 1766]
    • Sistrurus miliarius barbouri (Dunkle Zwergklapperschlange) [GLOYD, 1935] bilder
    • Sistrurus miliarius miliarius [LINNAEUS, 1766]
    • Sistrurus miliarius streckeri [GLOYD, 1935]

Gattung Trimeresurus (Bambusottern)

[LACÉPÈDE, 1804]

  • Trimeresurus albolabris (Weisslippen-Bambusotter) [GRAY, 1842] bilder
  • Trimeresurus andalasensis [DAVID, VOGEL, VIJAYAKUMAR & VIDAL, 2006]
  • Trimeresurus andersonii [THEOBALD, 1868]
  • Trimeresurus barati [REGENASS & KRAMER, 1981]
  • Trimeresurus borneensis (Borneo-Bambusotter) [PETERS, 1872]
  • Trimeresurus brongersmai [HOGE, 1969]
  • Trimeresurus buniana [GRISMER, GRISMER & MCGUIRE, 2006]
  • Trimeresurus cantori [BLYTH, 1846]
  • Trimeresurus cardamomensis [MALHOTRA, THORPE, MRINALINI & STUART, 2011]
  • Trimeresurus erythrurus [CANTOR, 1839]
  • Trimeresurus fasciatus [BOULENGER, 1896]
  • Trimeresurus flavomaculatus [GRAY, 1842]
  • Trimeresurus fucatus [VOGEL, DAVID & PAUWELS, 2004]
  • Trimeresurus gracilis [OSHIMA, 1920]
  • Trimeresurus gramineus (Grüne Bambusotter) [SHAW, 1802]
  • Trimeresurus gumprechti [DAVID, VOGEL, PAUWELS & VIDAL, 2002]
  • Trimeresurus gunaleni [VOGEL, DAVID & SIDIK, 2014] informationen
  • Trimeresurus hageni (Hagens Bambusotter) [LIDTH DE JEUDE, 1886]
  • Trimeresurus honsonensis [GRISMER, NGO & GRISMER, 2008]
  • Trimeresurus insularis [KRAMER, 1977]
  • Trimeresurus kanburiensis (Kanburi Bambusotter) [SMITH, 1943]
  • Trimeresurus labialis [STEINDACHNER, 1867]
  • Trimeresurus macrolepis [BEDDOME, 1862]
  • Trimeresurus macrops (Grossaugen-Bambusotter) [KRAMER, 1977] bilder
  • Trimeresurus malabaricus [JERDON, 1854]
  • Trimeresurus malcolmi (Kinabalu-Bambusotter) [LOVERIDGE, 1938]
  • Trimeresurus mcgregori [TAYLOR, 1919]
  • Trimeresurus medoensis [ZHAO, 1977]
  • Trimeresurus mutabilis [STOLICZKA, 1870]
  • Trimeresurus nebularis [VOGEL, DAVID & PAUWELS, 2004]
  • Trimeresurus phuketensis [SUMONTHA, KUNYA, PAUWELS, NITIKUL & PUNNASDEE, 2011]
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum (Popes Lanzenotter) [SMITH, 1937]
  • Trimeresurus puniceus [BOIE, 1827]
  • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus (Mangrovenotter) [GRAY, 1832] bilder
  • Trimeresurus rubeus [MALHOTRA, THORPE, MRINALINI & STUART, 2011]
  • Trimeresurus sabahi [REGENASS & KRAMER, 1981]
  • Trimeresurus schultzei [GRIFFIN, 1909]
  • Trimeresurus septentrionalis (Nepal-Bambusotter) [KRAMER, 1977]
  • Trimeresurus sichuanensis [GUO & WANG, 2011]
  • Trimeresurus stejnegeri (Stejnegers Bambusotter, Chinesische Bambusotter) [SCHMIDT, 1925]
    • Trimeresurus stejnegeri chenbihuii [ZHAO, 1995]
    • Trimeresurus stejnegeri stejnegeri [SCHMIDT, 1925]
  • Trimeresurus strigatus [GRAY, 1842]
  • Trimeresurus sumatranus (Sumatra-Bambusotter) [RAFFLES, 1822]
  • Trimeresurus tibetanus [HUANG, 1982]
  • Trimeresurus toba [DAVID, PETRI, VOGEL & DORIA, 2009]
  • Trimeresurus trigonocephalus (Ceylon-Lanzenotter) [LATREILLE, 1801]
  • Trimeresurus truongsonensis (Quang Binh-Bambusotter) [ORLOV, RYABOV, THANH & H CUC, 2004]
  • Trimeresurus venustus (Schöne Bambusotter) [VOGEL, 1991]
  • Trimeresurus vogeli [DAVID, VIDAL & PAUWELS, 2001] bilder
  • Trimeresurus wiroti (Wirot-Bambusotter) [TRUTNAU, 1981]
  • Trimeresurus yunnanensis [SCHMIDT, 1925]

Gattung Tropidolaemus [WAGLER, 1830]

  • Tropidolaemus huttoni [SMITH, 1949]
  • Tropidolaemus laticinctus [KUCH, GUMPRECHT & MELAUN, 2007]
  • Tropidolaemus philippensis (Südphilippinische Tempelviper)[GRAY, 1842]
  • Tropidolaemus subannulatus (Philippinische Tempelviper) [GRAY, 1842]
  • Tropidolaemus wagleri (Waglers Bambusotter) [BOIE, 1827]



Die Unterfamilie Viperinae (Echte Vipern)

[OPPEL, 1811]

Gattung Atheris (Buschvipern)

[COPE, 1862]

  • Atheris acuminata [BROADLEY, 1998]
  • Atheris anisolepis [MOCQUARD, 1887]
  • Atheris barbouri (Uzungwe-Viper) [LOVERIDGE, 1930]
  • Atheris broadleyi [LAWSON, 1999]
  • Atheris ceratophora (Usambara-Buschviper) [WERNER, 1895]
  • Atheris chlorechis (Westliche Buschviper) [PEL, 1851]
  • Atheris desaixi (Mount-Kenya-Buschviper) [ASHE, 1968]
  • Atheris hirsuta [ERNST & RÖDEL, 2002]
  • Atheris hispida (Rauschuppen-Buschviper) [LAURENT, 1955]
  • Atheris katangensis (Shaba-Buschviper) [DE WITTE, 1953]
  • Atheris mabuensis [BRANCH & BAYLISS, 2009]
  • Atheris matildaes [MENEGON, DAVENPORT & HOWELL, 2011]
  • Atheris nitschei (Schwarzgrüne Buschviper) [TORNIER, 1902]
  • Atheris rungweensis [BOGERT, 1940]
  • Atheris squamigera (Rankschuppige Buschviper) [HALLOWELL, 1854]
  • Atheris subocularis (Tiefland-Buschviper) [FISCHER, 1888]

Gattung Bitis (Puffottern)

[GRAY, 1842]

  • Bitis albanica [HEWITT, 1937]
  • Bitis arietans (Gemeine Puffotter) [MERREM, 1820] bilder
    • Bitis arietans arietans [MERREM, 1820]
    • Bitis arietans somalica [PARKER, 1949]
  • Bitis armata [SMITH, 1826]
  • Bitis atropos (Bergotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Bitis atropos atropos [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Bitis atropos unicolor
  • Bitis caudalis (Gehörnte Puffotter) [SMITH, 1849]
  • Bitis cornuta (Büschelbrauenotter) [DAUDIN, 1803]
  • Bitis gabonica (Gabunviper) [DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854] bilder
  • Bitis harenna [GOWER, WADE, SPAWLS, BÖHME, BUECHLEY, SYKES & COLSTON, 2016]
  • Bitis heraldica (Angola-Puffotter) [BOCAGE, 1889]
  • Bitis inornata (Hochland-Puffotter) [SMITH, 1838]
  • Bitis nasicornis (Nashornviper) [SHAW, 1802] bilder
  • Bitis parviocula (Äthiopische Puffotter) [BÖHME, 1976]
  • Bitis peringueyi (Zwergpuffotter, Namibviper) [BOULENGER, 1888]
  • Bitis rhinoceros [SCHLEGEL, 1855] bilder
  • Bitis rubida [BRANCH, 1997]
  • Bitis schneideri (Schneiders Zwergpuffotter) [MERTENS, 1954]
  • Bitis worthingtoni (Kenya-Puffotter) [PARKER, 1932]
  • Bitis xeropaga (Wüsten-Puffotter) [HAACKE, 1975]

Gattung Causus (Krötenvipern)

[WAGLER, 1830]

  • Causus bilineatus (Zweistreifen-Krötenviper) [BOULENGER, 1905]
  • Causus defilippii (Defilippis Nachtotter) [JAN, 1862]
  • Causus lichtensteinii (Lichtensteins Nachtotter) [JAN, 1859]
  • Causus maculatus (Westafrikanische Krötenviper) [HALLOWELL, 1842]
  • Causus rasmusseni [BROADLEY, 2014]
  • Causus resimus (Grüne Nachtotter) [PETERS, 1862]
  • Causus rhombeatus (Gemeine Krötenviper, Krötenotter) [LICHTENSTEIN, 1823]

Gattung Cerastes (Afrikanische Hornvipern)

[LAURENTI, 1768]

  • Cerastes boehmei [WAGNER & WILMS, 2010]
  • Cerastes cerastes (Hornviper) [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
    • Cerastes cerastes cerastes [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Cerastes cerastes hoofieni [WERNER & SIVAN, 1999]
  • Cerastes gasperettii (Arabische Hornviper) [LEVITON & ANDERSON, 1967]
    • Cerastes gasperetti mendelssohni [WERNER & SIVAN, 1999]
    • Cerastes gasperettii gasperettii [LEVITON & ANDERSON, 1967]
  • Cerastes vipera (Avicennaviper) [LINNAEUS, 1758]

Gattung Daboia (Orientalische Ottern)

[GRAY, 1842]

  • Daboia deserti (Saharaotter) [ANDERSON, 1892]
  • Daboia mauritanica (Atlasotter) [DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1848]
  • Daboia palaestinae (Kettenviper) [WERNER, 1938]
  • Daboia russelii (Palästinaviper) [SHAW & NODDER, 1797]
  • Daboia siamensis (Östliche Kettenviper) [SMITH, 1917]

Gattung Echis (Sandrasselottern)

[MERREM, 1820]

  • Echis borkini [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis carinatus (Sandrasselotter) [SCHNEIDER, 1801]
    • Echis carinatus carinatus [SCHNEIDER, 1801]
    • Echis carinatus sochureki [STEMMLER, 1969]
  • Echis coloratus (Arabische Sandrasselotter) [GÜNTHER, 1878]
    • Echis coloratus coloratus [GÜNTHER, 1878]
    • Echis coloratus terraesanctae [BABOCSAY 2003]
  • Echis hughesi (Hughes Sandrasselotter) [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis jogeri [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis khosatskii [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis leucogaster (Weißbauch-Sandrasselotter) [ROMAN, 1972]
  • Echis megalocephalus (Großkopf-Sandrasselotter) [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis ocellatus (Westafrikanische Augenfleck-Sandrasselotter) [STEMMLER, 1970] bilder
  • Echis omanensis (Oman-Sandrasselotter) [BABOCSAY, 2004]
  • Echis pyramidum (Ägyptische Sandrasselotter) [GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE, 1827]
    • Echis pyramidum leakeyi [STEMMLER & SOCHUREK, 1969]
    • Echis pyramidum lucidus [CHERLIN, 1990]
    • Echis pyramidum pyramidum [GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE, 1827]

Gattung Eristicophis (MacMahon-Vipern)

[ALCOCK & FINN, 1897]

  • Eristicophis macmahoni (McMahon-Viper) [ALCOCK & FINN, 1897]

Gattung Macrovipera (Großvipern)

[REUSS, 1927]

  • Macrovipera lebetina (Levanteotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Macrovipera lebetina cernovi [CHIKIN & SZCZERBAK, 1992]
    • Macrovipera lebetina lebetina [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Macrovipera lebetina obtusa [DWIGUBSKY, 1832]
    • Macrovipera lebetina peilei [MURRAY, 1892]
    • Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 1988]
    • Macrovipera lebetina turanica [CERNOV, 1940]
  • Macrovipera schweizeri (Milosviper) [WERNER, 1935]

Gattung Montatheris

[BROADLEY, 1996]

  • Montatheris hindii (Ostafrikanische Bergotter) [BOULENGER, 1910]

Gattung Montivipera (Bergottern)

[NILSON, TUNIYEV, ANDRÉN, ORLOV, JOGER & HERRMANN, 1999]

  • Montivipera albizona [NILSON, ANDREN & FLÄRDH, 1990]
  • Montivipera bornmuelleri (Libanesische Bergotter) [WERNER, 1898]
  • Montivipera bulgardaghica [NILSON & ANDREN, 1985]
  • Montivipera kuhrangica [RAJABIZADEH, NILSON & KAMI, 2011]
  • Montivipera latifii (Elburs Bergotter) [MERTENS, DAREWSKY & KLEMMER, 1967]
  • Montivipera raddei (Armenische Bergotter, Raddes Otter) [BOETTGER, 1890]
    • Montivipera raddei kurdistanica [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 1986]
    • Montivipera raddei raddei [BOETTGER, 1890]
  • Montivipera wagneri (Wagners Bergotter) [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 1984]
  • Montivipera xanthina (Kleinasiatische oder Türkische Bergotter) [GRAY, 1849] bilder

Gattung Proatheris (Afrikanische Sumpfvipern)

[BROADLEY, 1996]

  • Proatheris superciliaris [PETERS, 1855] (Afrikanische Sumpfviper)

Gattung Pseudocerastes (Persische Trughornvipern)

[BOULENGER, 1896]

  • Pseudocerastes fieldi [SCHMIDT, 1930] bilder
  • Pseudocerastes persicus (Persische Trughornviper) [DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854]
  • Pseudocerastes urarachnoides [BOSTANCHI, ANDERSON, KAMI & PAPENFUSS, 2006]

Gattung Vipera (Echte Ottern)

[LAURENTI, 1768]

  • Vipera altaica [TUNIYEV, NILSON & ANDRÉN, 2010]
  • Vipera ammodytes (Europäische Hornotter, Europäische Sandotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Vipera ammodytes ammodytes [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
    • Vipera ammodytes meridionalis [BOULENGER, 1903] bilder
    • Vipera ammodytes montandoni [BOULENGER, 1904]
  • Vipera anatolica [EISELT & BARAN, 1970]
    • Vipera anatolica anatolica [EISELT & BARAN, 1970]
    • Vipera anatolica senliki [GÖÇMEN, MEBERT, KARIŞ, OǦUZ & URSENBACHER 2017 ]
  • Vipera aspis (Aspisviper) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Vipera aspis aspis [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Vipera aspis atra [MEISNER, 1820]
    • Vipera aspis francisciredi [LAURENTI, 1768]
    • Vipera aspis hugyi [SCHINZ, 1833]
    • Vipera aspis zinnikeri [KRAMER, 1958]
  • Vipera barani (Barans Otter) [BÖHME & JOGER, 1983]
  • Vipera berus (Kreuzotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
    • Vipera berus berus [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Vipera berus bosniensis [BOETTGER, 1889]
    • Vipera berus nikolskii (Waldsteppen-Otter) [VEDMEDERYA, GRUBANT & RUDAJEWA, 1986]
    • Vipera berus sachalinensis [ZAREVSKY, 1917]
  • Vipera darevskii (Darevski-Kreuzotter, Darevsky's Kaukasusotter) [VEDMEDERJA, ORLOV & TUNIYEV, 1986]
  • Vipera dinniki (Westkaukasische-Kreuzotter, Dinnikis Kaukasusotter) [NIKOLSKY, 1913]
  • Vipera eriwanensis [REUSS, 1933]
  • Vipera graeca [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 1988] informationen
  • Vipera kaznakovi (Kaukasusotter) [NIKOLSKY, 1909]
  • Vipera latastei (Stülpnasenotter) [BOSCA, 1878]
    • Vipera latastei gaditana [SAINT GIRONS, 1977]
    • Vipera latastei latastei [BOSCA, 1878]
  • Vipera lotievi (Lotievs Viper) [NILSON, TUNIYEV, ORLOV, HOGGREN, ANDREN, 1995]
  • Vipera magnifica [TUNIYEV & OSTROVSKIKH, 2001]
  • Vipera monticola [SAINT GIRONS, 1953]
  • Vipera olguni [TUNIYEV, AVCI, TUNIYEV, AGASIAN & AGASIAN, 2012]
  • Vipera orlovi [TUNIYEV & OSTROVSKIKH, 2001]
  • Vipera pontica (Pontische Viper) [BILLING, NILSON & SATTLER, 1990]
  • Vipera renardi (Steppenotter) [CHRISTOPH, 1861]
    • Vipera renardi bashkirovi [GARANIN, PAVLOV & BAKIEV IN BAKIEV & AL. 2004]
    • Vipera renardi parursinii [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 2001]
    • Vipera renardi puzanovi [KUKUSKIN, 2009]
    • Vipera renardi renardi [CHRISTOPH, 1861]
    • Vipera renardi tienshanica [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 2001]
  • Vipera seoanei (Nordiberische Kreuzotter) [LATASTE, 1879]
    • Vipera seoanei cantabrica [BRAÑA & BAS, 1983]
    • Vipera seoanei seoanei [LATASTE, 1879]
  • Vipera shemakhensis [TUNIYEV, ORLOV, TUNIYEV & KIDOV, 2013]
  • Vipera transcaucasiana [BOULENGER, 1913]
  • Vipera ursinii (Wiesenotter) [BONAPARTE, 1835]
    • Vipera ursinii macrops [MÉHELY, 1911]
    • Vipera ursinii moldavica [NILSON, ANDRÉN & JOGER, 1993]
    • Vipera ursinii rakosiensis (Ungarische Wiesenotter) [MÉHELY, 1893] bilder
    • Vipera ursinii ursinii [BONAPARTE, 1835]
  • Vipera walser [GHIELMI, MENEGON, MARSDEN, LADDAGA & URSENBACHER, 2016] informationen



Stand: 2018-06-04