Viperidae

Die Systematik der Familie Viperidae (Vipern) [OPPEL, 1811]

Alle ca. 300 Arten der Vipern (oder Ottern) sind Giftschlangen. Die Giftzähne liegen in einer Bindegewebsfalte im Gaumendach und werden beim Aufreißen des Mauls senkrecht zum Oberkiefer aufgerichtet. So können die Zähne tief in die Beute eindringen. Ihr Gift zerstört Blutzellen und Gewerbe, außerdem wird die Blutgerinnung gestört. Die Folge sind Blutungen und schmerzhafte Schwellungen. Das Gift einiger Arten hat zusätzlich neurotoxische Bestandteile, die das Nervensystem schädigen und Lähmungen verursachen.

Die Unterfamilie Azemiopinae (Fea-Vipern)

[LIEM, MARX & RABB, 1971]

Gattung Azemiops (Fea-Vipern)

[BOULENGER, 1888]

  • Azemiops feae (Fea-Viper) [BOULENGER, 1888]
  • Azemiops kharini (Weisskopf-Fea-Viper) [ORLOV, RYABOV & NGUYEN, 2013]



Die Unterfamilie Crotalinae (Grubenottern)

[OPPEL, 1811]

Gattung Agkistrodon (Dreieckskopfottern)

[PALISOT DE BEAUVOIS, 1799]

  • Agkistrodon bilineatus (Mexikanische Mokassinotter) [GÜNTHER, 1863] bilder
  • Agkistrodon conanti [GLOYD, 1969]
  • Agkistrodon contortrix (Kupferkopf) [LINNAEUS, 1766]
  • Agkistrodon howardgloydi [CONANT, 1984]
  • Agkistrodon laticinctus [GLOYD & CONANT, 1934] bilder
  • Agkistrodon piscivorus (Wasser-Mokassinotter) [LACÉPÈDE, 1789]
  • Agkistrodon russeolus [GLOYD, 1972]
  • Agkistrodon taylori [BURGER & ROBERTSON, 1951]

Gattung Atropoides (Springlanzenottern)

[WERMAN, 1992]

  • Atropoides picadoi (Picados Springlanzenotter) [DUNN, 1939]

Gattung Bothriechis (Palmlanzenottern)

[PETERS, 1859]

  • Bothriechis aurifer (Guatemala-Lanzenotter, Gelbgefleckte Lanzenotter) [SALVIN, 1860]
  • Bothriechis bicolor (Zweifarbige Lanzenotter) [BOCOURT, 1868]
  • Bothriechis guifarroi [TOWNSEND, MEDINA-FLORES, WILSON, JADIN & AUSTIN, 2013]
  • Bothriechis lateralis (Grüngelbe Palmenlanzenotter) [PETERS, 1862] bilder
  • Bothriechis marchi (Marchs Palmlanzenotter) [BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE, 1929]
  • Bothriechis nigroviridis (Schwarzgelbe Palmenlanzenotter) [PETERS, 1859]
  • Bothriechis nubestris [DOAN, MASON, CASTOE, SASA & PARKINSON, 2016] informationen
  • Bothriechis rowleyi (Rowleys Palmlanzenotter) [BOGERT, 1968]
  • Bothriechis schlegelii (Schlegels Lanzenotter, Greifschwanz-Lanzenotter) [BERTHOLD, 1846] bilder
  • Bothriechis supraciliaris [TAYLOR, 1954]
  • Bothriechis thalassinus (Meerblaue Palmenlanzenotter) [CAMPBELL & SMITH, 2000]

Gattung Bothrocophias

[GUTBERLET & CAMPBELL, 2001]

  • Bothrocophias andianus [AMARAL, 1923]
  • Bothrocophias campbelli [FREIRE-LASCANO, 1991]
  • Bothrocophias colombianus [RENDAHL & VESTERGREN, 1940]
  • Bothrocophias hyoprora [AMARAL, 1935]
  • Bothrocophias lojanus [PARKER, 1930]
  • Bothrocophias microphthalmus [COPE, 1876]
  • Bothrocophias myersi [GUTBERLET & CAMPBELL, 2001]
  • Bothrocophias myrringae [ANGARITA-SIERRA, CUBIDES-CUBILLOS & HURTADO-GÓMEZ, 2022] informationen
  • Bothrocophias tulitoi [ANGARITA-SIERRA, CUBIDES-CUBILLOS & HURTADO-GÓMEZ, 2022] informationen

Gattung Bothrops (Amerikanische Lanzenottern)

[WAGLER, 1824]

  • Bothrops alcatraz [MARQUES, 2002]
  • Bothrops alternatus (Urutu) [DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1854]
  • Bothrops ammodytoides (Patagonien-Lanzenotter) [LEYBOLD, 1873]
  • Bothrops asper (Terciopelo-Lanzenotter) [GARMAN, 1883] bilder
  • Bothrops atrox (Caicaca, Gewöhnliche Lanzenotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
  • Bothrops ayerbei [FOLLECO-FERNANDEZ, 2010]
  • Bothrops barnetti [PARKER, 1938]
  • Bothrops bilineatus (Grüne Jararaca) [WIED, 1825]
    • Bothrops bilineatus bilineatus [WIED, 1825]
    • Bothrops bilineatus smaragdina [HOGE, 1966]
  • Bothrops brazili [AMARAL, 1923]
  • Bothrops caribbaeus [GARMAN, 1887]
  • Bothrops chloromelas [BOULENGER, 1912]
  • Bothrops cotiara [GOMES, 1913]
  • Bothrops diporus [COPE, 1862]
  • Bothrops erythromelas [AMARAL, 1923]
  • Bothrops fonsecai [HOGE & BELLUOMINI, 1959]
  • Bothrops germanoi [BARBO, BOOKER, DUARTE, CHALUPPE, PORTES-JUNIOR, FRANCO & GRAZZIOTIN, 2022] informationen
  • Bothrops insularis (Insel-Lanzenotter) [AMARAL, 1921]
  • Bothrops itapetiningae [BOULENGER, 1907]
  • Bothrops jabrensis [BARBO, GRAZZIOTIN, PEREIRA-FILHO, FREITAS, ABRANTES & KOKUBUM, 2022] informationen
  • Bothrops jararaca (Jararaca-Lanzenotter) [WIED, 1824]
  • Bothrops jararacussu [LACERDA, 1884]
  • Bothrops jonathani [HARVEY, 1994]
  • Bothrops lanceolatus [LACÉPÈDE, 1789]
  • Bothrops leucurus [WAGLER, 1824]
  • Bothrops lutzi [MIRANDA-RIBEIRO, 1915]
  • Bothrops marajoensis [HOGE, 1966]
  • Bothrops marmoratus [DA SILVA & RODRIGUES 2008]
  • Bothrops mattogrossensis [AMARAL, 1925]
  • Bothrops medusa [STERNFELD, 1920]
  • Bothrops monsignifer [TIMMS, CHAPARRO, VENEGAS, SALAZAR-VALENZUELA, SCROCCHI, CUEVAS, LEYNAUD & CARRASCO, 2019]
  • Bothrops moojeni [HOGE, 1966]
  • Bothrops muriciensis [FERRAREZZI, 2001]
  • Bothrops neuwiedi (Lanzenotter) [WAGLER, 1824]
  • Bothrops oligobalius [VECHIO, PRATES, GRAZZIOTIN, GRABOSKI & RODRIGUES, 2021] informationen
  • Bothrops oligolepis [WERNER, 1901]
  • Bothrops osbornei [FREIRE-LASCANO, 1991]
  • Bothrops otavioi [BARBO, GARZZIOTIN, SAZIMA, MARTINS & SAWAYA, 2012]
  • Bothrops pauloensis [AMARAL, 1925]
  • Bothrops pictus [TSCHUDI, 1845]
  • Bothrops pirajai [AMARAL, 1923]
  • Bothrops pubescens [COPE, 1870]
  • Bothrops pulcher [PETER, 1862]
  • Bothrops punctatus [SMITH, 1958]
  • Bothrops sanctaecrucis [HOGE, 1966]
  • Bothrops sazimai [BARBO, GASPARINI, ALMEIDA, ZAHER, GRAZZIOTIN, GUSMÃO, FERRARINI & SAWAYA, 2016]
  • Bothrops sonene [CARRASCO, GRAZZIOTIN, FARFÁN, KOCH, OCHOA, SCROCCHI, LEYNAUD & CHAPARRO, 2019]
  • Bothrops taeniata [WAGLER, 1824]
    • Bothrops taeniata lichenosa [ROZE, 1958]
    • Bothrops taeniata taeniata [WAGLER, 1824]
  • Bothrops venezuelensis [SANDNER-MONTILLA, 1952]

Gattung Calloselasma (Mokassin-Grubenottern)

[COPE, 1860]

  • Calloselasma rhodostoma (Malaiische Mokassin-Grubenotter) [BOIE, 1827] bilder

Gattung Cerrophidion (Berggrubenottern)

[CAMPBELL & LAMAR, 1992]

  • Cerrophidion godmani (Godman-Berggrubenotter) [GÜNTHER, 1863] bilder
  • Cerrophidion petlalcalensis [LOPÉZ-LUNA, ANTONIO, VOGT & TORRE-LORANCA, 1999]
  • Cerrophidion sasai (Costa Rica Berggrubenotter) [JADIN, TOWNSEND, CASTOE & CAMPBELL, 2012]
  • Cerrophidion tzotzilorum [CAMPBELL, 1985]
  • Cerrophidion wilsoni [JADIN, TOWNSEND, CASTOE & CAMPBELL, 2012]

Gattung Craspedocephalus (Kantenkopf-Bambusottern)

[KHUL & HASSELT, 1822]

  • Craspedocephalus anamallensis (Anaimalai-Bambusotter) [GÜNTHER, 1854]
  • Craspedocephalus andalasensis (Andalas-Bambusotter) [DAVID, VOGEL, VIJAYAKUMAR & VIDAL, 2006]
  • Craspedocephalus borneensis (Borneo-Bambusotter) [PETERS, 1872]
  • Craspedocephalus brongersmai (Mentawai-Bambusotter) [HOGE, 1967]
  • Craspedocephalus gramineus (Grüne Bambusotter) [SHAW, 1802]
  • Craspedocephalus macrolepis (Großschuppen-Bambusotter) [BEDDOME, 1862]
  • Craspedocephalus malabaricus (Malabarische Bambusotter) [JERDON, 1854]
  • Craspedocephalus occidentalis (Mudumallay-Bambusotter) [POPE & POPE, 1933]
  • Craspedocephalus peltopelor (Agasthyamalai-Bambusotter ) [MALLIK, SRIKANTHAN, GANESH, VIJAYAKUMAR, CAMPBELL, MALHOTRA & SHANKER, 2021] informationen informationen
  • Craspedocephalus puniceus (Flachnasen-Bambusotter ) [BOIE, 1827]
  • Craspedocephalus strigatus (Hufeisen-Bambusotter) [GRAY, 1842]
  • Craspedocephalus travancoricus (Travancore-Bambusotter) [MALLIK, SRIKANTHAN, GANESH, VIJAYAKUMAR, CAMPBELL, MALHOTRA & SHANKER, 2021]
  • Craspedocephalus trigonocephalus (Sri Lanka-Lanzenotter) [LATREILLE, 1801]
  • Craspedocephalus wiroti (Südthailändische Bambusotter) [TRUTNAU, 1981]

Gattung Crotalus (Klapperschlangen)

[LINNAEUS, 1758]

  • Crotalus adamanteus (Diamant-Klapperschlange) [PALISOT DE BEAUVOIS, 1799] bilder
  • Crotalus angelensis [KLAUBER, 1963]
  • Crotalus aquilus [KLAUBER, 1952]
  • Crotalus armstrongi [CAMPBELL, 1978]
  • Crotalus atrox (Texas-Klapperschlange, Westliche Diamantklapperschlange) [BAIRD & GIRARD, 1853] bilder
  • Crotalus basiliscus (Basilisken-Klapperschlange) [COPE, 1864] bilder
  • Crotalus campbelli [BRYSON JR, LINKEM, DORCAS, LATHROP, JONES, ALVARADO-DÍAZ,, GRÜNWALD & MURPHY, 2014]
  • Crotalus catalinensis (Santa-Catalina-Klapperschlange) [CLIFF, 1954]
  • Crotalus cerastes (Seitenwinder, Gehörnte Klapperschlange) [HALLOWELL, 1854]
    • Crotalus cerastes cerastes [HALLOWELL, 1854]
    • Crotalus cerastes cercobombus [SAVAGE & CLIFF, 1953]
    • Crotalus cerastes laterorepens [KLAUBER, 1944]
  • Crotalus cerberus [COUES, 1875]
  • Crotalus concolor [WOODBURY, 1929]
  • Crotalus culminatus [KLAUBER, 1952]
  • Crotalus durissus (Cascabel oder Schauer-Klapperschlange) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Crotalus durissus cumanensis [HUMBOLDT, 1811]
    • Crotalus durissus durissus [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
    • Crotalus durissus marajoensis [HOGE, 1966]
    • Crotalus durissus ruruima [HOGE, 1965]
    • Crotalus durissus terrificus [LAURENTI, 1768]
    • Crotalus durissus trigonicus [HARRIS & SIMMONS, 1978]
  • Crotalus ehecatl [CARBAJAL-MÁRQUEZ, CEDEÑO-VÁZQUEZ, MARTÍNEZ-ARCE, NERI-CASTRO & MACHKOUR-M’RABET, 2020] informationen
  • Crotalus enyo (Baja-Klapperschlange) [COPE, 1861]
    • Crotalus enyo cerralvensis [CLIFF, 1954]
    • Crotalus enyo enyo [COPE, 1861]
    • Crotalus enyo furvus [LOWE & NORRIS, 1954]
  • Crotalus ericsmithi [CAMPBELL & FLORES-VILLELA, 2008]
  • Crotalus estebanensis [KLAUBER, 1949]
  • Crotalus helleri [MEEK, 1905]
  • Crotalus horridus [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
  • Crotalus intermedius [TROSCHEL, 1865]
    • Crotalus intermedius gloydi [TAYLOR, 1941]
    • Crotalus intermedius intermedius [TROSCHEL, 1865]
    • Crotalus intermedius omiltemanus [GÜNTHER, 1895]
  • Crotalus lannomi [TANNER, 1966]
  • Crotalus lepidus (Felsen-Klapperschlange, Gebirgsklapperschlange) [KENNICOTT, 1861]
    • Crotalus lepidus klauberi [GLOYD, 1936]
    • Crotalus lepidus lepidus [KENNICOTT, 1861] bilder
    • Crotalus lepidus maculosus [TANNER, DIXON & HARRIS, 1972]
  • Crotalus lorenzoensis [RADCLIFF & MASLIN, 1975]
  • Crotalus lutosus [KLAUBER, 1930]
  • Crotalus mictlantecuhtli [CARBAJAL-MÁRQUEZ, CEDEÑO-VÁZQUEZ, MARTÍNEZ-ARCE, NERI-CASTRO & MACHKOUR-M’RABET, 2020] informationen
  • Crotalus mitchellii (Gefleckte Klapperschlange ) [COPE, 1861]
  • Crotalus molossus (Schwarzschwanz-Klapperschlange) [BAIRD & GIRARD, 1853] bilder
    • Crotalus molossus molossus [BAIRD & GIRARD, 1853]
    • Crotalus molossus nigrescens [GLOYD, 1936]
    • Crotalus molossus oaxacus [GLOYD, 1948]
  • Crotalus morulus [KLAUBER, 1952]
  • Crotalus oreganus (Oregon-Klapperschlange) [HOLBROOK, 1840]
  • Crotalus ornatus [HALLOWELL, 1854]
  • Crotalus polisi [MEIK, SCHAACK, FLORES-VILLELA & STREICHER, 2018]
  • Crotalus polystictus (Mexikanische Lanzenkopf-Klapperschlange) [COPE, 1865]
  • Crotalus pricei (Prices Klapperschlange) [VAN DENBURGH, 1895]
    • Crotalus pricei miquihuanus [GLOYD, 1940]
    • Crotalus pricei pricei [VAN DENBURGH, 1895]
  • Crotalus pusillus [KLAUBER, 1952]
  • Crotalus pyrrhus (Gefleckte Klapperschlange) [COPE, 1866]
  • Crotalus ravus [COPE, 1865]
    • Crotalus ravus brunneus [HARRIS & SIMMONS, 1978]
    • Crotalus ravus exiguus [CAMPBELL & ARMSTRONG, 1979]
    • Crotalus ravus ravus [COPE, 1865]
  • Crotalus ruber (Rote Diamant-Klapperschlange) [COPE, 1892] bilder
    • Crotalus ruber exsul [GARMAN, 1884]
    • Crotalus ruber lucasensis [VAN DENBURGH, 1920]
    • Crotalus ruber ruber [COPE, 1892]
  • Crotalus scutulatus (Mojave-Klapperschlange) [KENNICOTT, 1861]
    • Crotalus scutulatus salvini [GÜNTHER, 1895]
    • Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus [KENNICOTT, 1861]
  • Crotalus simus [LATREILLE, 1801]
  • Crotalus stejnegeri (Langschwanz-Klapperschlange () [DUNN, 1919]
  • Crotalus stephensi [KLAUBER, 1930]
  • Crotalus tancitarensis [ALVARADO-DÍAZ & CAMPBELL, 2004]
  • Crotalus thalassoporus [MEIK, SCHAACK, FLORES-VILLELA & STREICHER, 2018]
  • Crotalus tigris (Tiger-Klapperschlange) [KENNICOTT, 1859]
  • Crotalus tlaloci [BRYSON, LINKEM, DORCAS, LATHROP, JONES, ALVARADO-DÍAZ,, GRÜNWALD & MURPHY, 2014]
  • Crotalus totonacus [GLOYD & KAUFFELD, 1940]
  • Crotalus transversus (Quergebänderte Berg-Klapperschlange)[TAYLOR, 1944]
  • Crotalus triseriatus (Mexikanische Plateau-Klapperschlange) [WAGLER, 1830]
  • Crotalus tzabcan [KLAUBER, 1952]
  • Crotalus unicolor (Aruba-Klapperschlange) [VAN LIDTH DE JEUDE, 1887] bilder
  • Crotalus vegrandis (Uracoan Klapperschlange) [KLAUBER, 1941]] bilder
  • Crotalus viridis (Prärie-Klapperschlange) [RAFINESQUE, 1818]
    • Crotalus viridis nuntius (Hopi-Klapperschlange) [KLAUBER, 1935]
    • Crotalus viridis viridis [RAFINESQUE, 1818]
  • Crotalus willardi (Willard-Klapperschlange, Kantenkopf-Klapperschlange) [MEEK, 1905]
    • Crotalus willardi amabilis [ANDERSON, 1962]
    • Crotalus willardi meridionalis [KLAUBER, 1949]
    • Crotalus willardi obscurus [HARRIS, 1974]
    • Crotalus willardi silus [KLAUBER, 1949]
    • Crotalus willardi willardi [MEEK, 1905]

Gattung Deinagkistrodon (Chinesische Nasenottern)

[GLOYD, 1979]

  • Deinagkistrodon acutus (Chinesischer Kupferkopf, Chinesische Nasenotter) [GÜNTHER, 1888]

Gattung Garthius

[MALHOTRA & THORPE, 2004]

  • Garthius chaseni [SMITH, 1931]

Gattung Gloydius (Halysottern)

[HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE, 1981]

  • Gloydius angusticeps [SHI, YANG, HUANG, ORLOV & LI, 2018]
  • Gloydius blomhoffi (Mamushi) [BOIE, 1826]
  • Gloydius brevicauda (Kurzschwanz-Mamushi) [STEJNEGER, 1907]
    • Gloydius brevicauda brevicaudus [STEJNEGER, 1907]
    • Gloydius brevicauda siniticus [GLOYD, 1977]
  • Gloydius caraganus [EICHWALD, 1831]
  • Gloydius caucasicus [NIKOLSKY, 1916]
  • Gloydius changdaoensis [LI, 1999]
  • Gloydius cognatus (Alashan-Otter) [GLOYD, 1977]
  • Gloydius halys (Halys-Otter) [PALLAS, 1776]
    • Gloydius halys boehmei [NILSON, 1983]
    • Gloydius halys halys [PALLAS1776]
    • Gloydius halys mogoi [BOUR, 1993]
    • Gloydius halys ubsunurensis [KROPACHEV & ORLOV 2017]
  • Gloydius himalayanus [GÜNTHER, 1864]
  • Gloydius huangi [WANG, REN, DONG, JIANG, SHI, SILER & CHE, 2019]
  • Gloydius intermedius [STRAUCH, 1868]
  • Gloydius lateralis [ZHANG, SHI, JIANG & SHI, 2022] informationen
  • Gloydius lipipengi [SHI, LIU, & MALHOTRA, 2021] informationen
  • Gloydius liupanensis [LIU, SONG & LUO, 1989]
  • Gloydius monticola [WERNER, 1922]
  • Gloydius qinlingensis [SONG & CHEN, 1985]
  • Gloydius rickmersi [WAGNER, TIUTENKO, BORKIN & SIMONOV, 2015]
  • Gloydius rubromaculatus [SHI, LI & LIU, 2017]
  • Gloydius shedaoensis [ZHAO, 1979]
    • Gloydius shedaoensis qianshanensis [LI, 1999]
    • Gloydius shedaoensis shedaoensis [ZHAO, 1979]
  • Gloydius stejnegeri (Gobi-Otter) [RENDAHL, 1933]
  • Gloydius strauchi (Strauchs Otter) [BEDRIAGA, 1912]
  • Gloydius swild [SHI, & MALHOTRA, 2021] informationen
  • Gloydius tsushimaensis [ISOGAWA, MORIYA & MITSUI, 1994]
  • Gloydius ussuriensis [EMELIANOV, 1929]

Gattung Hypnale (Ceylon-Nasenottern)

[FITZINGER, 1843]

  • Hypnale hypnale (Indische Nasenotter) [MERREM, 1820]
  • Hypnale nepa [LAURENTI, 1768]
  • Hypnale zara [GRAY, 1849]

Gattung Lachesis (Buschmeister)

[DAUDIN, 1803]

  • Lachesis achrocorda [GARCIA, 1896]
  • Lachesis melanocephala (Schwarzkopf-Buschmeister) [SOLÓRZANO & CERDAS, 1986]
  • Lachesis muta (Südamerikanischer Buschmeister) [LINNAEUS, 1766]
  • Lachesis stenophrys (Zentralamerikanischer Buschmeister) [COPE, 1876] bilder

Gattung Metlapilcoatlus

[CAMPBELL, FROST & CASTOE, 2019] informationen

  • Metlapilcoatlus borealis [TEPOS-RAMÍREZ, FLORES-VILLELA, VELASCO, LARA, GARCÍA-RUBIO & JADIN, 2021] informationen
  • Metlapilcoatlus indomitus [SMITH & FERRARI-CASTRO, 2008]
  • Metlapilcoatlus mexicanus [DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854] bilder
  • Metlapilcoatlus nummifer [RÜPPELL, 1845]
  • Metlapilcoatlus occiduus [HOGE, 1966]
  • Metlapilcoatlus olmec [PEREZ-HIGAREDA, SMITH, JULIA-ZERTUCHE, 1985]

Gattung Mixocoatlus

[JADIN, SMITH & CAMPBELL, 2011]

  • Mixocoatlus barbouri [DUNN, 1919]
  • Mixocoatlus browni [SHREEVE, 1938]
  • Mixocoatlus melanurus [MÜLLER, 1923]

Gattung Ophryacus

[COPE, 1887]

  • Ophryacus smaragdinus [GRÜNWALD, JONES, FRANZ-CHÁVEZ & AHUMADA-CARILLO, 2015] informationen
  • Ophryacus sphenophrys [SMITH, 1960]
  • Ophryacus undulatus [JAN, 1859]

Gattung Ovophis (Gebirgs-Grubenottern)

[BURGER, 1981]

  • Ovophis convictus [STOLICZKA, 1870]
  • Ovophis makazayazaya [TAKAHASHI, 1922]
  • Ovophis monticola (Berg-Grubenotter) [GÜNTHER, 1864]
  • Ovophis okinavensis [BOULENGER, 1892]
  • Ovophis tonkinensis [BOURRET, 1934]
  • Ovophis zayuensis (Zayuan Grubenotter) [JIANG, 1977]

Gattung Porthidium (Hakennasen-Lanzenottern)

[COPE, 1871]

  • Porthidium arcosae [SCHÄTTI & KRAMER, 1993]
  • Porthidium dunni [HARTWEG & OLIVER, 1938]
  • Porthidium hespere [CAMPBELL, 1976]
  • Porthidium lansbergii [SCHLEGEL, 1841]
    • Porthidium lansbergii hutmanni [SANDNER-MONTILLA, 1989]
    • Porthidium lansbergii lansbergii [SCHLEGEL, 1841]
    • Porthidium lansbergii rozei [PETERS, 1968]
  • Porthidium nasutum (Nasenlanzenotter, Regenwald-Stülpnasenotter) [BOCOURT, 1868]
  • Porthidium ophryomegas (Westliche Stülpnasenotter) [BOCOURT, 1868]
  • Porthidium porrasi (Weißschwanz-Stülpnasenotter) [LAMAR, 2003]
  • Porthidium volcanicum (Costa-Rica-Stülpnasenotter) [SOLORZANO, 1995]
  • Porthidium yucatanicum (Yukatan-Stülpnasenotter) [SMITH, 1941]

Gattung Protobothrops

[HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE, 1983]

  • Protobothrops cornutus [SMITH, 1930]
  • Protobothrops dabieshanensis [HUANG, PAN, HAN, ZHANG, HOU, YU, ZHENG & ZHANG, 2012]
  • Protobothrops elegans [GRAY, 1849]
  • Protobothrops flavoviridis [HALLOWELL, 1861]
    • Protobothrops flavoviridis flavoviridis [HALLOWELL, 1860]
    • Protobothrops flavoviridis tinkhami [GLOYD, 1955]
  • Protobothrops himalayanus [PAN, CHETTRI, YANG, JIANG, WANG, ZHANG & VOGEL, 2013]
  • Protobothrops jerdonii [GÜNTHER, 1875]
    • Protobothrops jerdonii bourreti [KLEMMER, 1963]
    • Protobothrops jerdonii jerdonii [GÜNTHER, 1875]
    • Protobothrops jerdonii xanthomelas [GÜNTHER, 1889]
  • Protobothrops kaulbacki (Kaulbacks Grubenotter) [SMITH, 1940]
  • Protobothrops kelomohy [SUMONTHA, VASARUCHAPONG, CHOMNGAM, SUNTRARACHUN, PAWANGKHANANT, SOMPAN, SMITS, KUNYA & CHANHOME, 2020] informationen
  • Protobothrops mangshanensis [ZHAO, 1990]
  • Protobothrops maolanensis [YANG, ORLOV & WANG, 2011]
  • Protobothrops mucrosquamatus [CANTOR, 1839]
  • Protobothrops sieversorum [ZIEGLER, HERRMANN, DAVID, ORLOV & PAUWELS, 2000]
  • Protobothrops tokarensis [NAGAI, 1928]
  • Protobothrops trungkhanhensis [ORLOV, RYABOV & NGUYEN, 2009]
  • Protobothrops xiangchengensis [ZHAO, JIANG & HUANG, 1979]

Gattung Sistrurus (Zwergklapperschlangen)

[GARMAN, 1883]

  • Sistrurus catenatus (Massasauga, Ketten-Klapperschlange) [RAFINESQUE, 1818]
  • Sistrurus miliarius (Zwergklapperschlange) [LINNAEUS, 1766]
    • Sistrurus miliarius barbouri (Dunkle Zwergklapperschlange) [GLOYD, 1935] bilder
    • Sistrurus miliarius miliarius [LINNAEUS, 1766]
    • Sistrurus miliarius streckeri [GLOYD, 1935]
  • Sistrurus tergeminus (Prärie-Massasauga) [SAY, 1823]

Gattung Trimeresurus (Bambusottern)

[LACÉPÈDE, 1804]

  • Trimeresurus albolabris (Weisslippen-Bambusotter) [GRAY, 1842] bilder
  • Trimeresurus andersonii [THEOBALD, 1868]
  • Trimeresurus arunachalensis [CAPTAIN, V. DEEPAK, PANDIT, BHATT & ATHREYA, 2019]
  • Trimeresurus barati [REGENASS & KRAMER, 1981]
  • Trimeresurus buniana [GRISMER, GRISMER & MCGUIRE, 2006]
  • Trimeresurus calamitas [VOGEL, DAVID & SIDIK, 2022] informationen
  • Trimeresurus cantori [BLYTH, 1846]
  • Trimeresurus cardamomensis [MALHOTRA, THORPE, MRINALINI & STUART, 2011]
  • Trimeresurus caudornatus [Z.CHEN, YU, VOGEL, SHI, SONG, TANG, YANG, DING, C.CHEN, 2020]
  • Trimeresurus davidi [CHANDRAMOULI, CAMPBELL & VOGEL, 2020]
  • Trimeresurus erythrurus [CANTOR, 1839]
  • Trimeresurus fasciatus [BOULENGER, 1896]
  • Trimeresurus flavomaculatus [GRAY, 1842]
  • Trimeresurus fucatus [VOGEL, DAVID & PAUWELS, 2004]
  • Trimeresurus gracilis [OSHIMA, 1920]
  • Trimeresurus gumprechti [DAVID, VOGEL, PAUWELS & VIDAL, 2002]
  • Trimeresurus gunaleni [VOGEL, DAVID & SIDIK, 2014] informationen
  • Trimeresurus guoi [CHEN, CHI, VOGEL & DING, 2021] informationen
  • Trimeresurus hageni (Hagens Bambusotter) [LIDTH DE JEUDE, 1886]
  • Trimeresurus honsonensis [GRISMER, NGO & GRISMER, 2008]
  • Trimeresurus insularis [KRAMER, 1977]
  • Trimeresurus kanburiensis (Kanburi Bambusotter) [SMITH, 1943]
  • Trimeresurus kirscheyi [VOGEL, DAVID & SIDIK, 2022] informationen
  • Trimeresurus kuiburi [SUMONTHA, SUNTRARACHUN, PAUWELS, PAWANGKHANANT, CHOMNGAM, IAMWIRIYAKUL & CHANHOME, 2021]
  • Trimeresurus labialis [STEINDACHNER, 1867]
  • Trimeresurus macrops (Grossaugen-Bambusotter) [KRAMER, 1977] bilder
  • Trimeresurus malcolmi (Kinabalu-Bambusotter) [LOVERIDGE, 1938]
  • Trimeresurus mayaae [RATHEE, PURKAYASTHA, LALREMSANGA, DALAL, BIAKZUALA, MUANSANGA & MIRZA, 2022] informationen
  • Trimeresurus mcgregori [TAYLOR, 1919]
  • Trimeresurus medoensis [ZHAO, 1977]
  • Trimeresurus mutabilis [STOLICZKA, 1870]
  • Trimeresurus nebularis [VOGEL, DAVID & PAUWELS, 2004]
  • Trimeresurus phuketensis [SUMONTHA, KUNYA, PAUWELS, NITIKUL & PUNNASDEE, 2011]
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum (Popes Lanzenotter) [SMITH, 1937]
  • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus (Mangrovenotter) [GRAY, 1832] bilder
  • Craspedocephalus rubeus [MALHOTRA, THORPE, MRINALINI & STUART, 2011]
  • Trimeresurus sabahi [REGENASS & KRAMER, 1981]
  • Trimeresurus salazar [MIRZA, BHOSALE, PHANSALKAR, SAWANT, GOWANDE & PATEL, 2020] informationen
  • Trimeresurus schultzei [GRIFFIN, 1909]
  • Trimeresurus septentrionalis (Nepal-Bambusotter) [KRAMER, 1977]
  • Trimeresurus sichuanensis [GUO & WANG, 2011]
  • Trimeresurus stejnegeri (Stejnegers Bambusotter, Chinesische Bambusotter) [SCHMIDT, 1925]
    • Trimeresurus stejnegeri chenbihuii [ZHAO, 1995]
    • Trimeresurus stejnegeri stejnegeri [SCHMIDT, 1925]
  • Trimeresurus sumatranus (Sumatra-Bambusotter) [RAFFLES, 1822]
  • Trimeresurus tibetanus [HUANG, 1982]
  • Trimeresurus toba [DAVID, PETRI, VOGEL & DORIA, 2009]
  • Trimeresurus truongsonensis (Quang Binh-Bambusotter) [ORLOV, RYABOV, THANH & H CUC, 2004]
  • Trimeresurus venustus (Schöne Bambusotter) [VOGEL, 1991]
  • Trimeresurus vogeli [DAVID, VIDAL & PAUWELS, 2001] bilder
  • Trimeresurus whitteni [VOGEL, DAVID & SIDIK, 2022] informationen
  • Trimeresurus yingjiangensis [CHEN, ZHANG, SHI, TANG, GUO, SONG & DING, 2019]
  • Trimeresurus yunnanensis [SCHMIDT, 1925]

Gattung Tropidolaemus [WAGLER, 1830]

  • Tropidolaemus huttoni [SMITH, 1949]
  • Tropidolaemus laticinctus [KUCH, GUMPRECHT & MELAUN, 2007]
  • Tropidolaemus philippensis (Südphilippinische Tempelviper)[GRAY, 1842]
  • Tropidolaemus subannulatus (Philippinische Tempelviper) [GRAY, 1842]
  • Tropidolaemus wagleri (Waglers Bambusotter) [BOIE, 1827]



Die Unterfamilie Viperinae (Echte Vipern)

[OPPEL, 1811]

Gattung Atheris (Buschvipern)

[COPE, 1862]

  • Atheris acuminata [BROADLEY, 1998]
  • Atheris anisolepis [MOCQUARD, 1887]
  • Atheris barbouri (Uzungwe-Viper) [LOVERIDGE, 1930]
  • Atheris broadleyi [LAWSON, 1999]
  • Atheris ceratophora (Usambara-Buschviper) [WERNER, 1895]
  • Atheris chlorechis (Westliche Buschviper) [PEL, 1851]
  • Atheris desaixi (Mount-Kenya-Buschviper) [ASHE, 1968]
  • Atheris hetfieldi [CERÍACO, MARQUES & BAUER, 2020]
  • Atheris hirsuta [ERNST & RÖDEL, 2002]
  • Atheris hispida (Rauschuppen-Buschviper) [LAURENT, 1955]
  • Atheris katangensis (Shaba-Buschviper) [DE WITTE, 1953]
  • Atheris mabuensis [BRANCH & BAYLISS, 2009]
  • Atheris matildaes [MENEGON, DAVENPORT & HOWELL, 2011]
  • Atheris mongoensis [COLLET & TRAPE, 2020]
  • Atheris nitschei (Schwarzgrüne Buschviper) [TORNIER, 1902]
  • Atheris rungweensis [BOGERT, 1940]
  • Atheris squamigera (Rankschuppige Buschviper) [HALLOWELL, 1854]
  • Atheris subocularis (Tiefland-Buschviper) [FISCHER, 1888]

Gattung Bitis (Puffottern)

[GRAY, 1842]

  • Bitis albanica [HEWITT, 1937]
  • Bitis arietans (Gemeine Puffotter) [MERREM, 1820] bilder
    • Bitis arietans arietans [MERREM, 1820]
    • Bitis arietans somalica [PARKER, 1949]
  • Bitis armata [SMITH, 1826]
  • Bitis atropos (Bergotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Bitis atropos atropos [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Bitis atropos unicolor
  • Bitis caudalis (Gehörnte Puffotter) [SMITH, 1849]
  • Bitis cornuta (Büschelbrauenotter) [DAUDIN, 1803]
  • Bitis gabonica (Gabunviper) [DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854] bilder
  • Bitis harenna [GOWER, WADE, SPAWLS, BÖHME, BUECHLEY, SYKES & COLSTON, 2016]
  • Bitis heraldica (Angola-Puffotter) [BOCAGE, 1889]
  • Bitis inornata (Hochland-Puffotter) [SMITH, 1838]
  • Bitis nasicornis (Nashornviper) [SHAW, 1802] bilder
  • Bitis parviocula (Äthiopische Puffotter) [BÖHME, 1976]
  • Bitis peringueyi (Zwergpuffotter, Namibviper) [BOULENGER, 1888]
  • Bitis rhinoceros [SCHLEGEL, 1855] bilder
  • Bitis rubida [BRANCH, 1997]
  • Bitis schneideri (Schneiders Zwergpuffotter) [MERTENS, 1954]
  • Bitis worthingtoni (Kenya-Puffotter) [PARKER, 1932]
  • Bitis xeropaga (Wüsten-Puffotter) [HAACKE, 1975]

Gattung Causus (Krötenvipern)

[WAGLER, 1830]

  • Causus bilineatus (Zweistreifen-Krötenviper) [BOULENGER, 1905]
  • Causus defilippii (Defilippis Nachtotter) [JAN, 1862]
  • Causus lichtensteinii (Lichtensteins Nachtotter) [JAN, 1859]
  • Causus maculatus (Westafrikanische Krötenviper) [HALLOWELL, 1842]
  • Causus rasmusseni [BROADLEY, 2014]
  • Causus resimus (Grüne Nachtotter) [PETERS, 1862]
  • Causus rhombeatus (Gemeine Krötenviper, Krötenotter) [LICHTENSTEIN, 1823]

Gattung Cerastes (Afrikanische Hornvipern)

[LAURENTI, 1768]

  • Cerastes boehmei [WAGNER & WILMS, 2010]
  • Cerastes cerastes (Hornviper) [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
    • Cerastes cerastes cerastes [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Cerastes cerastes hoofieni [WERNER & SIVAN, 1999]
  • Cerastes gasperettii (Arabische Hornviper) [LEVITON & ANDERSON, 1967]
    • Cerastes gasperetti mendelssohni [WERNER & SIVAN, 1999]
    • Cerastes gasperettii gasperettii [LEVITON & ANDERSON, 1967]
  • Cerastes vipera (Avicennaviper) [LINNAEUS, 1758]

Gattung Daboia (Orientalische Ottern)

[GRAY, 1842]

  • Daboia mauritanica (Atlasotter) [DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1848]
  • Daboia palaestinae (Kettenviper) [WERNER, 1938]
  • Daboia russelii (Palästinaviper) [SHAW & NODDER, 1797]
  • Daboia siamensis (Östliche Kettenviper) [SMITH, 1917]

Gattung Echis (Sandrasselottern)

[MERREM, 1820]

  • Echis borkini [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis carinatus (Sandrasselotter) [SCHNEIDER, 1801]
    • Echis carinatus carinatus [SCHNEIDER, 1801]
    • Echis carinatus sochureki [STEMMLER, 1969]
  • Echis coloratus (Arabische Sandrasselotter) [GÜNTHER, 1878]
    • Echis coloratus coloratus [GÜNTHER, 1878]
    • Echis coloratus terraesanctae [BABOCSAY 2003]
  • Echis hughesi (Hughes Sandrasselotter) [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis jogeri [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis khosatskii [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis leucogaster (Weißbauch-Sandrasselotter) [ROMAN, 1972]
  • Echis megalocephalus (Großkopf-Sandrasselotter) [CHERLIN, 1990]
  • Echis ocellatus (Westafrikanische Augenfleck-Sandrasselotter) [STEMMLER, 1970] bilder
  • Echis omanensis (Oman-Sandrasselotter) [BABOCSAY, 2004]
  • Echis pyramidum (Ägyptische Sandrasselotter) [GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE, 1827]
    • Echis pyramidum leakeyi [STEMMLER & SOCHUREK, 1969]
    • Echis pyramidum pyramidum [GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE, 1827]
  • Echis romani [TRAPE, 2018]

Gattung Eristicophis (MacMahon-Vipern)

[ALCOCK & FINN, 1897]

  • Eristicophis macmahoni (McMahon-Viper) [ALCOCK & FINN, 1897]

Gattung Macrovipera (Großvipern)

[REUSS, 1927]

  • Macrovipera lebetinus (Levanteotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Macrovipera lebetinus cernovi [CHIKIN & SZCZERBAK, 1992]
    • Macrovipera lebetinus lebetinus [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Macrovipera lebetinus obtusa [DWIGUBSKY, 1832]
    • Macrovipera lebetinus transmediterranea [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 1988]
    • Macrovipera lebetinus turanica [CERNOV, 1940]
  • Macrovipera razii [ORAIE, RASTEGAR-POUYANI, KHOSRAVANI, MORADI, AKBARI, SEHHATISABET, SHAFIEI, STÜMPEL & JOGER, 2018]
  • Macrovipera schweizeri (Milosviper) [WERNER, 1935]

Gattung Montatheris

[BROADLEY, 1996]

  • Montatheris hindii (Ostafrikanische Bergotter) [BOULENGER, 1910]

Gattung Montivipera (Bergottern)

[NILSON, TUNIYEV, ANDRÉN, ORLOV, JOGER & HERRMANN, 1999]

  • Montivipera albizona [NILSON, ANDREN & FLÄRDH, 1990]
  • Montivipera bornmuelleri (Libanesische Bergotter) [WERNER, 1898]
  • Montivipera bulgardaghica [NILSON & ANDREN, 1985]
  • Montivipera kuhrangica [RAJABIZADEH, NILSON & KAMI, 2011]
  • Montivipera latifii (Elburs Bergotter) [MERTENS, DAREWSKY & KLEMMER, 1967]
  • Montivipera raddei (Armenische Bergotter, Raddes Otter) [BOETTGER, 1890]
    • Montivipera raddei kurdistanica [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 1986]
    • Montivipera raddei raddei [BOETTGER, 1890]
  • Montivipera wagneri (Wagners Bergotter) [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 1984]
  • Montivipera xanthina (Kleinasiatische oder Türkische Bergotter) [GRAY, 1849] bilder
    • Montivipera xanthina dianae [CATTANEO, 2014]
    • Montivipera xanthina nilsoni [CATTANEO, 2014]
    • Montivipera xanthina occidentalis [CATTANEO, 2014]
    • Montivipera xanthina varoli [AFSAR, YAKIN, ÇİÇEK & AYAZ, 2019]
    • Montivipera xanthina xanthina [GRAY, 1849]

Gattung Proatheris (Afrikanische Sumpfvipern)

[BROADLEY, 1996]

  • Proatheris superciliaris [PETERS, 1855] (Afrikanische Sumpfviper)

Gattung Pseudocerastes (Persische Trughornvipern)

[BOULENGER, 1896]

  • Pseudocerastes fieldi [SCHMIDT, 1930] bilder
  • Pseudocerastes persicus (Persische Trughornviper) [DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854]
  • Pseudocerastes urarachnoides [BOSTANCHI, ANDERSON, KAMI & PAPENFUSS, 2006]

Gattung Vipera (Echte Ottern)

[LAURENTI, 1768]

  • Vipera altaica [TUNIYEV, NILSON & ANDRÉN, 2010]
  • Vipera ammodytes (Europäische Hornotter, Europäische Sandotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Vipera ammodytes ammodytes [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
    • Vipera ammodytes buchholzi [CATTENEO, 2021] informationen
    • Vipera ammodytes meridionalis [BOULENGER, 1903] bilder
    • Vipera ammodytes montandoni [BOULENGER, 1904]
  • Vipera anatolica [EISELT & BARAN, 1970]
    • Vipera anatolica anatolica [EISELT & BARAN, 1970]
    • Vipera anatolica senliki [GÖÇMEN, MEBERT, KARIŞ, OǦUZ & URSENBACHER, 2017]
  • Vipera aspis (Aspisviper) [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Vipera aspis aspis [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Vipera aspis atra [MEISNER, 1820]
    • Vipera aspis francisciredi [LAURENTI, 1768]
    • Vipera aspis hugyi [SCHINZ, 1833]
    • Vipera aspis zinnikeri [KRAMER, 1958]
  • Vipera barani (Barans Otter) [BÖHME & JOGER, 1983]
  • Vipera berus (Kreuzotter) [LINNAEUS, 1758] bilder
    • Vipera berus barani [BÖHME & JOGER, 1983]
    • Vipera berus berus [LINNAEUS, 1758]
    • Vipera berus bosniensis [BOETTGER, 1889]
    • Vipera berus sachalinensis [ZAREVSKY, 1917]
  • Vipera darevskii (Darevski-Kreuzotter, Darevsky's Kaukasusotter) [VEDMEDERJA, ORLOV & TUNIYEV, 1986]
    • Vipera darevskii darevskii [VEDMEDERJA, ORLOV & TUNIYEV, 1986]
    • Vipera darevskii kumlutasi [TUNIYEV, AVCI, TUNIYEV, ILGAZ, OLGUN, PETROVA, BODROV, GENIEZ & TEYNIÉ, 2018]
    • Vipera darevskii uzumorum [TUNIYEV, AVCI, TUNIYEV, ILGAZ, OLGUN, PETROVA, BODROV, GENIEZ & TEYNIÉ, 2018]
  • Vipera dinniki (Westkaukasische-Kreuzotter, Dinnikis Kaukasusotter) [NIKOLSKY, 1913]
  • Vipera eriwanensis [REUSS, 1933]
  • Vipera graeca [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 1988] informationen
  • Vipera kaznakovi (Kaukasusotter) [NIKOLSKY, 1909]
  • Vipera latastei (Stülpnasenotter) [BOSCA, 1878]
    • Vipera latastei arundana [MARTÍNEZ-FREIRÍA, FREITAS, VELO-ANTÓN, LUCCHINI, FAHD, LARBES, PLEGUEZUELOS, SANTOS & BRITO, 2021]
    • Vipera latastei gaditana [SAINT GIRONS, 1977]
    • Vipera latastei latastei [BOSCA, 1878]
  • Vipera lotievi (Lotievs Viper) [NILSON, TUNIYEV, ORLOV, HOGGREN, ANDREN, 1995]
  • Vipera monticola [SAINT GIRONS, 1953]
    • Vipera monticola atlantica [MARTÍNEZ-FREIRÍA, FREITAS, VELO-ANTÓN, LUCCHINI, FAHD, LARBES, PLEGUEZUELOS, SANTOS & BRITO, 2021]
    • Vipera monticola monticola [SAINT GIRONS, 1953]
    • Vipera monticola saintgironsi [MARTÍNEZ-FREIRÍA, FREITAS, VELO-ANTÓN, LUCCHINI, FAHD, LARBES, PLEGUEZUELOS, SANTOS & BRITO, 2021]
  • Vipera nikolskii (Waldsteppen-Otter) [VEDMEDERYA, GRUBANT & RUDAJEWA, 1986]
  • Vipera olguni [TUNIYEV, AVCI, TUNIYEV, AGASIAN & AGASIAN, 2012]
  • Vipera orlovi [TUNIYEV & OSTROVSKIKH, 2001]
  • Vipera renardi (Steppenotter) [CHRISTOPH, 1861]
    • Vipera renardi bashkirovi [GARANIN, PAVLOV & BAKIEV IN BAKIEV & AL. 2004]
    • Vipera renardi parursinii [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 2001]
    • Vipera renardi puzanovi [KUKUSKIN, 2009]
    • Vipera renardi renardi [CHRISTOPH, 1861]
    • Vipera renardi tienshanica [NILSON & ANDRÉN, 2001]
  • Vipera sakoi [TUNIYEV, AVCI, TUNIYEV, ILGAZ, OLGUN, PETROVA, BODROV, GENIEZ & TEYNIÉ, 2018]
  • Vipera seoanei (Nordiberische Kreuzotter) [LATASTE, 1879]
    • Vipera seoanei cantabrica [BRAÑA & BAS, 1983]
    • Vipera seoanei seoanei [LATASTE, 1879]
  • Vipera shemakhensis [TUNIYEV, ORLOV, TUNIYEV & KIDOV, 2013]
    • Vipera shemakhensis kakhetiensis [TUNIYEV, IREMASHVILI, PETROVA & KRAVCHENKO, 2018]
    • Vipera shemakhensis shemakhensis [TUNIYEV, ORLOV, TUNIYEV & KIDOV, 2013]
  • Vipera transcaucasiana [BOULENGER, 1913]
  • Vipera tuniyevi [ANANJEVA, GABAEV, IREMASHVILI, LOTIEV & PETROVA, 2021] informationen
  • Vipera ursinii (Wiesenotter) [BONAPARTE, 1835]
    • Vipera ursinii macrops [MÉHELY, 1911]
    • Vipera ursinii moldavica [NILSON, ANDRÉN & JOGER, 1993]
    • Vipera ursinii rakosiensis (Ungarische Wiesenotter) [MÉHELY, 1893] bilder
    • Vipera ursinii ursinii [BONAPARTE, 1835]
  • Vipera walser (Piemont-Viper) [GHIELMI, MENEGON, MARSDEN, LADDAGA & URSENBACHER, 2016] informationen



Stand: 2022-10-28